Bhutan Tourism
blt Tourist Destinations
blt Folk Festivals
blt Trekking
blt Distance & Travel Times
blt Travelling within Bhutan
blt National Parks
blt Getting to Bhutan
blt Bhutanese Heritage
blt Holidays & Special Events
blt Culture and Traditions
blt Outdoor Sports
blt Health and Education
blt Cultural Heritage
blt Natural Heritage
blt Government
blt Geography
blt Population and People
blt Economy
blt History
blt Tourist Destinations

Population and People,

The estimated population of the country is 6,50,000 with the growth rate of 3.1% per year. The country is still predominantly rural and about 85% of the people live in villages.

Three main ethnic groups constitute its population :

Sharchops : live in eastern part of country are recognized as the original inhabitants of Bhutan and are Indo Mongoloid origin.

Ngalops : are descendants of Tibetan immigrants who arrived in Bhutan from 9th century and settled in the west of country.

Lhotshampas : this Nepalese group, began settling in the south of Bhutan in the late 19th century. The Lhotshampa represents different Nepali speaking ethnic groups primarily – Brahman, Chettri, Gurung, Rai and Limbu.